How long will it take for the three major communication operators to deploy the test network 5G?

With the implementation of the first 5G Spring Festival Evening, the first 5G teleoperation, and the first 5G phone, the 5G network seems to be getting closer and closer to us. Although the experimental application has already begun to show up, according to the previous Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, China started the 5G network construction in 2019, and will launch 5G commercial service as soon as 2020. However, as the 5G large-scale networking is taking the lead in some cities and hotspots this year, it is expected that 5G mobile phones and 5G tablet PCs will be put on the market in the second half of this year.
At the China Unicom Global Industry Chain Partner Conference held on April 23, China Unicom announced that its 5G network deployment should achieve continuous coverage in 7 urban areas, achieve hotspot coverage in 33 cities, and customize 5G networks in N cities. Secondary school network. On April 26, at China Telecom’s 5G Innovation Cooperation Conference, China Telecom also stated that it has built a cross-provincial cross-scale scale trial network and launched 5G innovation demonstration pilots in 17 cities. Previously, China Mobile also said that it would conduct 5G scale trials and application demonstration projects in 17 cities… It seems that the enjoyment of 5G networks is close at hand.

“But it should be pointed out that 5G full-scale commercial use still needs to wait patiently.” Wen Ku, director of the Information and Communication Development Department of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, said that the network construction needs a process from scratch, and that it is not the purpose of 5G. Good is the real purpose of 5G.

Network construction is in full swing

Previously, China proposed to launch the second phase of the 5G network test in 2017 and the large-scale trial network in 2018. On this basis, the 5G network construction will be launched in 2019, and the commercial service will be officially launched in 2020. At present, China’s 5G construction is being implemented in an orderly manner in accordance with the plan.

The three major operators have already built 5G base stations in major cities to carry out 5G field tests. It is understood that China Mobile will carry out 5G field testing in five cities including Hangzhou, Shanghai, Guangzhou, Suzhou and Wuhan. It will also conduct 5G service application demonstrations in 12 cities including Beijing, Chengdu and Shenzhen. China Unicom will be in Beijing and Shenzhen. Testing in Hangzhou, Guangzhou, Shanghai, Chongqing, Tianjin, Qingdao, Nanjing, Wuhan, Guiyang, Chengdu, Fuzhou, Zhengzhou, Shenyang, etc.; China Telecom will conduct tests in Chengdu, Xiong’an New District, Shenzhen, Shanghai, Suzhou and Lanzhou. Six additional places will be added to expand the scope of the pilot.

Since the beginning of this year, these field test cities have announced the opening of the first 5G phone, marking that 5G has entered the practical application test phase from the technology research and development test period, and the construction of the 5G test network of the three major operators is in full swing.

Peng Jian, deputy director of the Radio Management Institute of the CCID Research Institute of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, told the Economic Daily that the spectrum resources of the 3.5GHz band of the 5G network were distributed to the relatively weak China Unicom and China Telecom. The band is highly internationalized and the industry chain maturity is also Walking in front of other frequency bands is conducive to rapid scale application; China Mobile, which has the largest volume, has obtained 260MHz large bandwidth spectrum resources. It can be said that the distribution plan takes into account the actual situation of the three major operators, and at the same time lays the foundation for the balance of the future 5G market.

Terminal applications are highly anticipated

For consumers, the most concerned about is 5G terminals and applications. “At present, domestic well-known mobile phone manufacturers such as Xiaomi, OPPO, vivo, and ZTE are planning to launch 5G mobile phones in China in the second half of this year.” Peng Jian said.

Miao Wei, Minister of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, also stated at the beginning of the year that this year’s 5G large-scale networking will be the first to be realized in some cities and hotspots. It is expected that 5G mobile phones and 5G tablet PCs will be put on the market in the second half of this year.

On April 23, China Unicom announced the first batch of 6 mobile phone terminals with 5G functions, 5 industrial terminals and 4 module products, including well-known brands such as ZTE, OPPO, vivo, Xiaomi and Nubia.

According to reports, on February 14 this year, the first batch of China Unicom 5G smart phone test machine has been officially delivered; China Mobile has implemented the 5G network pilot program, fully launched the 5G scale test network construction, and plans to launch 5G smart in the first half of 2019. Mobile phones and the first batch of China Mobile’s own brand 5G terminal products; China Telecom plans to release trial commercial aircraft in the third quarter of this year. It is understood that there will be more than 2,500 5G terminal devices through end-to-end network and service testing.

“The terminal is an important part of the 5G industry chain. Whether the terminal is mature or not directly affects the customer’s perception of 5G.” China Telecom Chairman Ke Ruiwen said that China Telecom will introduce a more attractive terminal incentive policy to promote cost reduction with everyone. So that users can afford it and use it. We also need to enrich the 5G terminal types according to user needs. In particular, we will jointly launch pan-intelligent terminals other than mobile phones, such as smart wearable devices for homes and individuals, virtual reality terminals, vehicle-oriented terminals for the industry, and drones.

The current 5G application display is more abundant than the terminal. The successful implementation of Baiyangdian Smart Water, Shenzhen UAV Police, Xiong’an Autopilot, Hangzhou Marathon Live, Chengdu 5G Bus Loop, 5G Spring Festival Evening, etc. are all vivid practices of 5G trial network to support business applications. Excited.

Currently, many areas are attracting attention for 5G applications. “The most mature is the consumer sector moving along the 4G path. In terms of social life, applications such as ultra-high-definition video, next-generation social networks, and immersive games will be upgraded again; in production, the most anticipated is the car. In the field, 5G will achieve high-level autopilot, etc. The 5G era is a fusion era. Industry, transportation, medical care, energy, smart cities, smart homes, etc. will all be sparked with the integration of 5G. The library said.

Full use waiting time

Consumers are full of expectations for 5G. But as Wenku said, at present, 5G network equipment is basically ready, 5G mobile phones are constantly coming out with new products, and the distance from 5G experience should not be too long. But it is not realistic to let 5G cover such a good 4G overnight. 5G will start from the hotspots and continue to push forward, just like the 4G construction that year.

Huge investment has put a lot of pressure on operators’ 5G construction. Related calculations show that in order to achieve an ideal response speed, the number of 5G base stations will be at least twice that of 4G, the cost of 5G base stations will be more than twice that of 4G base stations, and the power consumption will be three times that of 4G base stations.

“From the perspective of base station construction, 5G investment is about 1.5 times that of 4G, and the total investment scale of the country will reach 1.2 trillion yuan, and the investment period is more than 8 years.” Peng Jian said that on the one hand, China’s 4G network is still under construction. It is estimated that by 2019, the cumulative investment of operators 4G will reach 800 billion yuan, and the cost has not been recovered yet. The pressure on the construction of the dual network has doubled. On the other hand, under the general trend of ICT (information and communication technology) industry transformation, the main trend of telecom operators’ pipeline business is obvious, and the income increase is difficult. The funding gap for 5G construction investment is large. In addition, China’s 2G and 3G networks are still in use, and the existence of multi-generation mobile communication network standards has increased the management expenditure of operators, which needs to be optimized.

It is understood that in 2019, China Mobile will build 30,000 to 50,000 5G base stations, the total investment scale will not be higher than 2018, some experts are expected to not exceed 10 billion yuan; China Telecom said that it will put 5G base stations in 2019 Increased to 20,000, the investment budget for 5G construction is 9 billion yuan; China Unicom said that it will invest about 6 billion yuan to 8 billion yuan in 5G networking.

How to make up the 5G network construction funding gap? Peng Jian believes that the first is to increase the intensity of the basic telecom operators’ mixed reforms and learn from the successful experience of China Unicom’s mixed reforms to further introduce social capital to participate in the construction of 5G networks. This will not only solve the problem of network construction funding gap, but also increase the in-depth dialogue and communication between the communication industry and other vertical industries such as the Internet, which is conducive to the subsequent application innovation of 5G.

The second is to increase the retreat of 2G/3G networks. Based on the vast situation of China’s vast territory and unbalanced network infrastructure construction, the 2G/3G network retreat plan applicable to each operator should be developed to reduce the cost of enterprise management expenses.

The third is to increase the sharing of 5G base stations. The 5G uses a higher frequency band and requires more base stations. It is necessary to give full play to the role of the iron tower company, comprehensively improve the sharing rate of 5G new iron towers, and achieve the goal of saving 5G construction investment.

The fourth is to increase policy support. Through special financial subsidies and special industrial development funds, the risk of building 5G networks by basic telecom operators will be reduced, and a loose capital turnover environment will be created for 5G network construction.

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Post time: Apr-30-2019
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